Ultrasound for today is, perhaps, the most accessible type of diagnostic instrumental procedures, the most reliable and necessary method of establishing a diagnosis. Ultrasound allows doctors to prescribe treatment in time and thereby save the life of the patient. This is due to its relatively low cost, maximum informativeness and absolute safety. The result of ultrasound is often the decisive factor in the diagnosis and choice of treatment for many diseases.

Ultrasound in gynecology

Gynecological ultrasound is a painless method of examining internal organs, which allows you to quickly assess the patient's condition, determine the pathological process in the body, choose the tactics of treatment and monitor its implementation.

For convenience of carrying out of US the special gynecologic gauge as a rule, allowing to carry out research with the raised accuracy is usually used.

Ultrasound is also a necessary research in obstetrics: as a rule, during pregnancy, ultrasound is conducted about 4-5 times and is the main source of information about the development of the fetus! Ultrasound can reliably estimate the course of pregnancy, determine the sex of the unborn child.

  • 3D and 4D ultrasound of the fetus on the German device Siemens Acuson X150 (The class of the device allows to conduct ultrasound examination of the expert level, to obtain a voluminous color image of the child, his movements, and also helps in the diagnosis of some developmental anomalies). Screening ultrasound
  • Ultrasound of the pelvic organs
  • Sonography of carotid arteries
  • Ultrasound sonography (check tubal patency)

Ultrasound in cardiology (ECHO KG)

ECHO CG is a study of the heart with the help of ultrasound. Ultrasound in cardiology (echocardiography) allows you to see in real time the work of the heart, valve flaps, assess the nature of their movement, measure the size of the chambers of the heart and the main trunk vessels, etc. This study is necessary for the diagnosis of heart defects, ischemic disease, tumors and thrombosis of the heart, evaluation of the direction and intensity of blood flow in large vessels.

Ultrasound in gastroenterology

Ultrasound of the abdominal cavity allows the physician to assess the anatomical and physiological state of internal organs, including organs of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) - liver, gall bladder, pancreas, intestine. This is perhaps the most accessible and highly informative method of diagnosis in gastroenterology. Especially important in the identification of cholelithiasis, inflammatory diseases of the digestive tract (cholecystitis, pancreatitis, etc.), liver cirrhosis.

Ultrasound of vessels

Ultrasound of the vessels and the heart is a quick and harmless procedure that allows for a detailed diagnosis of the state of the vascular system and heart. Ultrasound methods accurately diagnose the condition of the arterial venous bed, allow the doctor to choose the most appropriate treatment. Ultrasound makes it possible to evaluate the size and lumen of the vessel, the parameters of the blood flow, to determine the presence of thrombus, its size and dynamics of further changes, to understand the valve inconsistency of vessels and its degree. In the clinic "Lukmoni Hakim" ultrasonic triplex scanning with color coding blood flows is used - the best way to diagnose vascular disease is to date. Triplex scanning allows you to perform three functions at the same time: to investigate the anatomy of blood vessels, the blood flow, and also to evaluate the patency of vessels in color mode.

Ultrasound in urology

Urological ultrasound is used for operative diagnosis of diseases of the genitourinary system. Ultrasound helps to assess the condition of the genitourinary system, thanks to ultrasound it becomes possible to diagnose tumors, identify the causes of infertility, is used as a means of monitoring cancer. Usually ultrasound is assigned as the first stage of diagnosis.

Ultrasound of the thyroid gland

Ultrasound examination of the thyroid gland is a necessary stage in the diagnosis of diseases of this organ. Allows you to assess the volume of the gland, its structure, homogeneity. Identify the presence of nodes, their size, evaluate the dynamics of their development. All this is necessary to make an accurate diagnosis and choose the right treatment tactics (or observations).

Ultrasound of joints

Ultrasound can detect traumatic injuries, deformities, volumetric processes, structural disorders, the condition of bones, joints, joint bag, soft tissues, ligaments (available to the echo signal), cartilage. Helps in the diagnosis of injuries, inflammation in the joint, the presence of effusion (fluid) in the joint cavity, monitor the effectiveness of treatment. Ultrasound, in contrast to X-rays, is completely harmless to the body.

Ultrasound of the mammary glands

US of mammary glands is a method of revealing benign and malignant formations, other pathological processes (inflammation, abscess) in the mammary gland. The method is absolutely harmless, widely used as an independent method, and in combination with mammography (X-ray examination of the mammary glands). It is especially important for preventive examinations of women with the purpose of early detection of breast cancer.

Preparing for ultrasound

The quality and accuracy of diagnosis using ultrasound can be significantly improved if properly prepared for this procedure:

If you were referred for ultrasound of the abdominal organs and kidneys, adrenals, ureters or para-aortic lymph nodes, you should:

Three days before the study, the following should be excluded from the diet:

  • Black bread
  • Dairy products (any)
  • Legumes (peas, beans)
  • Cabbage, fresh vegetables and fruits
  • Sweet dishes

Three days to take espumizan 2 capsules 3 times a day or activated charcoal 2 tablets 3 times a day.

On the study come on an empty stomach (full hunger 4 hours - do not eat, drink, brush your teeth, exclude any flavoring stimuli - chewing gum, seeds, candy, tablets, etc.).

If the direction of ultrasound of the pelvic organs (bladder, uterus and ovaries in women, prostate gland in men), then you need: to come to the study with a filled bladder or drink 500-800 ml. Liquid for 1-1.5 hours before the test or do not urinate for 2-5 hours before the study.

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